How to make a Terrarium | Layers

A terrarium is a fun and easy way to incorporate plants into your décor with minimal maintenance. Want to learn how to make a terrarium? Check out the details below.
A terrarium is a collection of small plants growing in a transparent, sealed container. The water in the terrarium is constantly recycled, passing from liquid form to gas and back again. As the moisture in the air condenses on the glass walls, it returns to the soil and is absorbed by the plants’ roots.
Terrariums  are indoor gardens typically in a sealed container. The plants and the soil in the terrarium release water vapor – essentially recycling water. The vapor is then collected onto the walls of the vessel and trickles down to the soil.
How to make a TerrariumHow to make a Terrarium
Succulent Terrarium

Container for your Terrarium

To make your terrarium, start with a large, clean glass jar, dish, or other container. I love the terrarium below found here from Ferrisland. You may want to choose something that’s large enough to put your hand in. 

Step 1

Put one to two inches of pea gravel pebbles into the bottom of the clean container for proper drainage. Sand also works well for a base.
Add a layer of pea gravel

Step 2

Add Activated Charcoal to help purify any excess water, absorbs toxins, and smelly odors. This is especially important if you are making a closed container terrarium as the charcoal will filter the air and keep it fresh. Read more about Charcoal for plants here
Add a layer of activated charcoal

Step 3

Optional: Add a layer of sphagnum moss to cover the charcoal as this will help prevent it from floating up when you water. It also helps the soil from settling down into the pebbles.

Step 4

Next add a layer of cactus soil or other well draining soil into the container.
Add a layer of soil

Step 5

Add plants! Be sure to use plants or succulents that have similar light and water requirements. A knitting needle, chopstick or boba straw helps to make space for them. Nestle each plantlet into the soil, one at a time. Use a small brush to remove any soil on the plants
Add succulent plants to your terrarium

Step 6

Optional: Add Pebbles or River Rocks for Decor. You can also top with moss to add color, absorb extra toxins and moisture. This will give your terrarium a finished look.
Finish off with river rocks or pebbles

Step 7

Water lightly and gently. Don’t water so much that water collects in the bottom.
How to make a Terrarium | Layers
Adding succulents to Terrariums

Terrarium Supplies

How to make a Terrarium | Layers
Succulent Terrarium Layers

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How to make a Terrarium | Layers
Air Plant Terrarium

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