With some 350 succulents in this genus, Crassulas are some of the most recognizable and widely cultivated. They come in a wide variety of sizes, rosettes, and colors. Arguably, the most common variety is Crassula ovata or Jade Plant. Pretty much any nursery sells it. And it’s often added to succulent arrangements. The genus Crassula is in the family Crassulaceae (pronounced krass-yoo-LAY-see-ee). Crassula can either be pronounced KRASS-oo-luh or KRASS-you-luh. Both are considered to be correct pronunciations. I actually use both pronunciations. Just depends on the day! 

Succulents in the genus Crassula are native to South Africa. They include shrub (branching) varieties commonly called jade plants, as well as “stacked crassulas” with leaves pancaked along thin stems like the String of Buttons. Newer cultivars are more interesting. Although, just as easy to grow and well worth having. Keep an eye out for those with rippled or tubular leaves, diminutive varieties, and those variegated with gold, yellow, cream, pink or red.

Crassula arborescens

Species: arborescens

Family: Crassulaceae

Common Name(s): 

Chinese Jade, Silver Dollar, Silver Dollar Jade, Silver Dollar Plant, Silver Jade Plant

Silver Dollar Jade is a popular houseplant. Indeed because of its rounded, blue-gray leaves with red edges. Learn more about the Crassula arborescens or Silver Dollar Jade in our post here

Crassula
Crassula arborescens Silver Dollar Jade
Crassula
Crassula arborescens Jade Bloom

Crassula arborescens undulatifolia

Species: arborescens

Family: Crassulaceae

Common Name(s): Ripple Jade

Ripple Jade is a succulent plant in the stonecrop family that has the most wavy blue-green leaves of the Jade Plant Types. A popular houseplant or outdoor shrub. It can grow up to 4 feet (1.2 m) tall and rarely blooms in cultivation. 

Crassula arborescens undulatifolia “Ripple Jade”
Crassula arborescens undulatifolia “Ripple Jade”
Crassula
Crassula arborescens undulatifolia “Ripple Jade”

Crassula capitella 'Campfire'

Species: capitella

Family: Crassulaceae

Common Name(s): Campfire Plant, Red Flames, Campfire Crassula

This fast growing succulent has green, propeller-shaped leaves that can turn bright red in full sun or cool weather.  

Crassula
Campfire Crassula - Crassula capitella
Crassula capitella Campfire Crassula
Crassula capitella Campfire Crassula

 

Common Name(s): Crassula corymbulosa ‘Red Pagoda’, Red Pagoda, Pagoda Village, Shark’s Tooth Crassula, Red Pagoda Crassula

Red Pagoda is a fast growing succulent with pointy, propeller-shaped leaves. In fact they can turn from green to bright red in full sun or cool weather. Indeed a fascinating succulent whose triangular leaves are densely packed like origami.

Crassula
Crassula corymbulosa Shark Tooth
Crassula
Red Pagoda Shark Tooth

Common Name(s): Pagoda Village

Pagoda Village has stacked triangular leaves that resemble the shape of a pagoda. In fact branches can grow up to 10 inches (25 cm) long.  Leaves that are flatter and grow more downward vs the Red Pagoda. Leaves range from red, purple, and green. In mid-summer to early fall, look for tiny white or pink flowers.

Crassula Capitella Thyrsiflora ‘Pagoda Village’
Crassula Capitella Thyrsiflora ‘Pagoda Village’
Crassula Capitella Thyrsiflora ‘Pagoda Village’
Flowers of ‘Pagoda Village’

Common Name(s): Green Bean

Crassula Congesta Green Beans have velvety, chubby leaves that look like little beans. Hence the name Green Beans. Typically they will grow  to about 4 inches ( 10 cm) tall. However, in shadier spots they will typically only grow a single stem. 

Oval leaves grow up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) long. In late spring to early summer look for pale yellow or green flowers.

Crassula
Crassula congesta Green Bea
crassua
Green Bean - Crassula congesta

Common Name(s): Crassula ‘Dubia’

The crassula cotyledonis succulent is a unique succulent that is native to South Africa. A very low growing succulent plant with beautiful green leaves with a little shade of white. The edges of the leaves can turn light purple and light red if given too much sun. As it matures it can grow up to 6 inches (15 cm) tall. Additionally, small, beautiful, green flowers bloom in spring growing up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall. 

Crassula cotyledonis For Sale

Crassula cotyledonis
Crassula cotyledonis
Crassula cotyledonis

Common Name(s): Propeller Plant, Airplane Plant

Certainly Crassula Falcata is an interesting succulent.  Blue-grey propeller-shaped leaves are arranged in an overlapping pattern.
In summer, look for dense clusters of orange-red flowers. Learn more about the Propeller Plant in our post here.

Crassula perfoliata var. falcata Propeller
Crassula perfoliata var. falcata
Crassula
Crassula falcata Blooms
Crassula
Propeller Plant Blooms

Common Name(s): Giant Watch Chain

 Crassula ‘Imperialis’ is similar to Crassula muscosa. Howver, it has thicker, tight watch-chain stems. It retains leaves throughout the year.

Crassula Imperialis For Sale

Crassula
Crassula ‘Imperialis’

Crassula David is a thick and low growing succulent with fleshy coin shaped leaves. In fact, they form dense leaves on a smaller bush that will only grow about 2 inches (5 cm) tall.

Crassula
Crassula lanuginosa var. pachystemon 'David'
Crassula lanuginosa var. pachystemon 'David'
Crassula lanuginosa var. pachystemon 'David'

Common Name(s): Watch Chain, Rattail Crassula, Zipper Plant, Princess Pine

Crassula muscosa, also known as Crassula lycopodioides, is a sparingly to densely branched succulent. Stems start erect and then eventually trail over with tightly overlapping, scale-like leaves. Both of its Latin names refer to its resemblance to a clubmoss.  Following heavy rain or watering, it can produce pale yellow to white flowers. 

Crassula muscosa
Crassula muscosa
Crassula lycopoides or muscosa
Crassula
Crassula lycopoides Watch Chain

Crassula mesembryanthemoides

Crassula mesembryanthemoides has fuzzy green leaves. Stems can grow about a foot tall and turn woody over time.

Crassula mesembryanthemoides ‘Tenelli’ has long, slender leaves covered with silvery velvet that gives the plant a frosted appearance. 

Crassula
Crassula mesembryanthemoides
Crassula
Crassula mesembryanthemoides 'Tenelli'

Crassula 'Morgan's Pink'

Crassula Morgan’s Beauty is easily over watered and is quite susceptible to rot. If overwatered, the cells rupture and die, turning brown or looking like rust. 

Crassula Morgan’s Beauty For Sale

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Crassula 'Morgan's Pink'
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Flowers on Crassula 'Morgan's Pink'
Crassula multicava
Crassula multicava
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Crassula nudicaulis 'Platyphylla'

Common Name(s): Jade Plant, Lucky Plant

Certainly the most common type of Crassula Jade plants you will ever see. Many other stunning varieties exist. Learn more about Jade Plants in our complete care guide here.

Crassula ovata Jade Plant
Flowers on Crassula ovata
Crassula
Crassula ovata Jade Plant

Crosby’s Compact

Common Name(s): Baby Jade

Learn more about Jade Plants in out complete care guide here.

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Crassula ovata Crosby's Compact (Dwarf Jade)
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Dwarf Jade - Crassula ovata Crosby's Compact
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Crassula ovata Crosby's Compact (Dwarf Jade)

Crassula ovata 'Gollum'

Common Name(s): Schrek Ears, Ogre Ears, Trumpet Jade, ET’s fingers, Finger jade

Learn more about Gollum Jade in our post here.

Crassula
Crassula ovata 'Gollum'
Crassula
Crassula ovata 'Gollum'
Crassula ovata 'Gollum'
Crassula ovata 'Gollum'

Crassula ovata 'Hobbit'

Common Name(s): Spoon jade, Hobbit Jade, Ogres Ears, Shrek’s Ears, Organ Pipe Jade Plant, Trumpet jade

Hobbit Jade comes in a variegated version that is just stunning. Read our Hobbit Jade care guide here.

Crassula ovata 'Hobbit'
Crassula ovata 'Hobbit'
Variegated Crassula ovata 'Hobbit'
Variegated Crassula ovata 'Hobbit'

Crassula ovata 'Hummel's Sunset'

Common Name(s): Golden Jade

Crassula
Crassula ovata 'Hummel's Sunset'
Crassula
Crassula ovata 'Hummel's Sunset'
Crassula
Crassula ovata 'Hummel's Sunset' (golden jade)

Crassula ovata 'Minima'

Common Name(s): Baby Jade, Mini Jade, Dwarf Jade

Minima is a hardy, dwarf succulent. It forms thick branches and clumps, creating a fuller appearance. The rounded green leaves resemble a small tree or shrub.

As Minima matures it can grow up to 30 inches (75 cm) tall and about 20 inches (50 cm) wide. 

Crassula
Crassula ovata 'Minima'
Crassula
Crassula ovata 'Minima'

Crassula ovata Variegata

Common name(s): Variegated Jade

Learn more about Crassula ovata variegata here.

Crassula ovata 'Tricolor'
'Tricolor' Jade
Crassula ovata 'Variegata' (
Crassula ovata 'Variegata'
Crassula ovata 'Variegata'
Crassula ovata 'Variegata'
Crassula
Crassula ovata 'Variegata'

Orbicularis s a small succulent that forms flattened rosettes of fleshy green leaves. In fact, tips may become pink to red when grown in bright light.

Crassula orbicularis For Sale

Crassula
Crassula orbicularis
Crassula
Crassula orbicularis

Crassula pellucida

Common Name(s): Calico Kitten, String of spades

Crassula pellucida is grown as a ground cover or hanging plant. Stems are a bit fragile. However, they root readily. Definitely requires very little maintenance.

Crassula pellucida rubra Variegated Calico Kitten
Crassula
Crassula pellucida

Crassula perforata

Common name(s): String of Buttons, Baby’s Necklace, Necklace Vine, Stacked Crassula, Pagoda Plant

Synonyms: Crassula perfossa, Crassula conjuncta, Crassula nealeana

Crassula
Crassula perforata
Crassula
Crassula perforata
Crassula
Crassula perforata

Crassula perforata Variegata

Common name(s): Variegated String of Buttons, Variegated Baby’s Necklace, Variegated Necklace Vine, Variegated Stacked Crassula

Crassula
Crassula perforata 'Variegata'
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Variegated Crassula perforata
Crassula perforata 'Variegata'
Crassula perforata 'Variegata'

Crassula tetragona

Common Name(s): Miniature Pine Tree

Tetragona has narrow, almost needle-like leaves. Sparsely branched, shrubby, with a tree-like habit. Definitely a unique looking succulent native to South Africa.

Crassula tetragona
Crassula tetragona
Crassula
Crassula tetragona
Crassula
Crassula tetragona

Plants in the genus Portulacaria are often confused with Crassula Plants. Specifically the Portulacaria afra varieties. Commonly called Mini Jade. However they are not a jade plant at all.  Let’s review some of my favorite Portulacaria plants.

Portulacaria afra

Common Name(s): Elephant Bush, Elephant Plant, Mini Jade

Although not a jade plant at all, it is often mistaken for one. Want to learn more. Visit our complete Portulacaria afra care guide here.

Portulacaria afra
Portulacaria afra Elephant Bush
Portulacaria afra
Flowers of Portulacaria afra 'Elephant Bush'
Portulacaria afra
Portulacaria Afra Elephant bush

Common Name(s): Rainbow Bush, Rainbow Jade, Variegated Elephant Bush, Variegated Elephant Plant, Mini Jade

Although not a jade plant at all, it is often mistaken for one. Want to learn more. Visit our complete Portulacaria afra care guide here.

Portulacaria Afra
Elephant bush - Portulacaria Afra Variegated
Elephant bush - Portulacaria Afra Variegated
Portulacaria Afra Var. Elephant bush

Common Name(s): Yellow Rainbow Bush, Yellow Rainbow Jade

Although not a jade plant at all, it is often mistaken for one. Want to learn more. Visit our complete Portulacaria afra care guide here.

Portulacaria afra 'Aurea'
Aurea - Portulacaria afra
Portulacaria afra
Portulacaria afra 'Aurea'

Common Name(s): Miniature Jade, Elephant Bush, Spekboom

Portulacaria afra Decumbent has small, round, apple green leaves. They stand out against their flexible red stems. Their common name Elephant Bush comes from the fact that it serves as the main food source for elephants in the wild. Visit our complete Portulacaria afra care guide here.

Portulacaria afra Decumbent For Sale

Portulacaria afra
Portulacaria afra Decumbent
Portulacaria afra
Portulacaria afra Decumbent

Portulacaria afra minima, commonly known as Elephant Mat, has tiny little leaves, not even the diameter of dark green peas strung on ruby red stems like a necklace, cascade downward from edges of pots and over crags and corners of rocks. Occasionally bursts pink flowers especially when stressed. Visit our complete Portulacaria afra care guide here.

Portulacaria afra minima
Minima Portulacaria Afra
Portulacaria afra minima
Portulacaria afra Minima

The name Delosperma comes from ‘delos’ meaning evident and ‘sperma’ meaning seed. This genus includes more than 170 species of succulent plants. In fact, it was formerly included in Mesembryanthemum in the family Aizoaceae. 

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Delosperma lehmannii Ice Plant
Crassula
Delosperma cooperi Ice Plant
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Delosperma cooperi Ice Plant